It is one thing when religious institutions talk about God and the Supreme Being and the Hindu shastras, and it is also another thing when these institutions also throw in a lot of theology which is outright misogynous and sexist and caste-ist, and thereby exclude half the population of India. Are religious institutions participants in propounding sexist and caste-ist theology which affects how people engage in their every-day lives? Do these institutions therefore, violate the Fundamental Rights that are granted to all the citizens of India by the Constitution? If caste-ist and sex-ist discourse is allowed to function in the public realm, it tantamounts to being unconstitutional and comprises a violation of one of the Fundamental Rights that has been granted in India, namely, Article15 of the Constitution of India and is the Right to Equality. 15. Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.- (1) The State shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them. The larger question which we should all strive towards is: why should the Hindu shastras be seen as comprising, in its totality, "revealed knowledge" when large chunks of it refer to temporal behavior that is based on one's gender or caste (the most oft-cited being Manusmriti's Varnashrama). Why are they cited as being infallible when often these texts propound extremely sexist and caste-ist views? The yet unresolved conundrum, thus is: how does the Indian state (which is also a signatory to CEDAW) allow these texts to be a part of public discourse as they are often, and mostly, quite unconstitutional? The rampant sexist and caste-ist discourse that is intrinsic to our Hindu shastras is overt and unapologetic. How we, that is, women - eat, breathe, dress and conduct ourselves and the kinds of labor that we are allowed to perform - are codified and seen as intrinsic to the Hindu shastras. The realm of religion, indeed, is the privilege of men. And indeed, it would not be salacious to argue that self-identifying Brahmin men and those who function in the religious institutions and are the so-called custodians of Hindu dharma are mostly myopic; they are unable to distinguish between what constitutes "revealed knowledge" about Existence and Brahman and Creation, and temporal gender-caste based social modes of being. What prevents the government of India (which is also a signatory to CEDAW) from slapping legal cases against these religious institutions as they propound unconstitutional rhetoric that, in all respects, violates our Fundamental Rights that are embedded within the Indian Constitution? The larger question, though, is: can we ever take it for a given that what we know, in a definitive manner, as being central to the Hindu shastras can be construed as being infallible? - for all we know - these texts might have been amended and changes made as they were handed down generations. In the preface to his version of Manavadharma, Sir William Jones wrote about the textual variations that existed and how he collated different versions that were available in manuscript form to arrive at his final text. We can arrive at the obvious conclusion that William Jones consulted many textual variations of the Manusmriti, and if so, the implication is that there was no single authoritative text. If these texts that constitute our Hindu shastras are unreliable with numerous variants existing simultaneously, then it stands to reason that there is no authentic version that we can refer to as being the original. Who is to tell as to which part comprised "revealed knowledge" and which sections were subsequent add-ons?
The coastal ocean comprises the semi-enclosed seas on the continental shelf, including estuaries and extending to the shelf break. This region is the focus of many serious concerns, including coastal inundation by tides, storm surges or sea level change; fisheries and aquaculture management; water quality; harmful algal blooms; planning of facilities (such as power stations); port development and maintenance; and oil spills. This book addresses modeling and simulation of the transport, evolution and fate of particles (physical and biological) in the coastal ocean. It is the first to summarize the state of the art in this field and direct it toward diverse applications, for example in measuring and monitoring sediment motion, oil spills and larval ecology. This is an invaluable textbook and reference work for advanced students and researchers in oceanography, geophysical fluid dynamics, marine and civil engineering, computational science and environmental science.
This book presents a global analysis of the distribution of pay, deploying systematic new measurements on a large scale. Contributions cover the US wage structure back to 1920 and up to 1998, pay inequality and unemployment in Europe since 1970, and the evolution of inequality alongside industrial growth, liberalization, financial crisis, state violence and industrial policy in more than fifty developing countries. The essays evaluate the major debates over rising inequality, and support the emerging view that there exists a powerful macro-dynamics of pay inequality in both rich and poor countries - a view whose origins go back to Keynes and Kuznets. Several papers present detailed descriptions of a new global pay inequality data set based on Theil's T statistic; theoretical and methodological chapters permit students and specialists full access to the measurements and to the non-parametric statistical techniques underlying these studies.
Did you know that the United States of America began life as a confederacy, and that it was, in fact, officially called "the Confederacy" between 1781 and 1789? Did you know that for those eight years the U.S. technically operated as, and was also nicknamed, "The Confederate States of America," and that because of this our first constitution was named "The Articles of Confederation"?
Did you know that the conservative South fought the liberal North, not to "preserve slavery," as has been falsely taught, but to preserve the original limited confederate government of the Founding Fathers and the conservative ideals embedded in our first constitution, the Articles of Confederation? And did you know that it was for these reasons that in 1861 the seceding Southern states called themselves "The Confederate States of America"?
In this brief but educational book, The Articles of Confederation Explained: A Clause-by-Clause Study of America's First Constitution, award-winning author and historian Colonel Lochlainn Seabrook explores these topics and more in an in-depth look at the thirteen Articles of Confederation, first formulated in 1777. The complete and original text of each article is provided, along with a clear and simple explanation describing its meaning and intended purpose. Also included in this wonderfully illustrated little work is a list of the ten presidents of the U.S. Confederacy, who served, according to specifications laid out in Article Nine, between the years 1779 and 1789.
With this book, the companion to Colonel Seabrook's bestselling title, The Constitution of the Confederate States of America Explained, you will gain new insight into some of the fascinating facts that are left out of our history books. Discover for yourself why some of America's greatest thinkers, such as the author's cousin Patrick Henry, embraced the Articles of Confederation, and argued against replacing them with the U.S. Constitution and a bigger more powerful central government.
Civil War scholar Lochlainn Seabrook, a descendant of the families of Alexander H. Stephens and John S. Mosby, is the most prolific and popular pro-South writer in the world today. Known as the "new Shelby Foote," he is a recipient of the prestigious Jefferson Davis Historical Gold Medal and the author of over 50 books that have introduced hundreds of thousands to the truth about the War for Southern Independence. A seventh-generation Kentuckian of Appalachian heritage and the sixth great-grandson of the Earl of Oxford, Colonel Seabrook has a forty-year background in American and Southern history, and is the author of the international blockbuster Everything You Were Taught About the Civil War is Wrong, Ask a Southerner!
His other titles include: The Great Yankee Coverup: What the North Doesn't Want You to Know About Lincoln's War; Confederacy 101: Amazing Facts You Never Knew About America's Oldest Political Tradition; Confederate Flag Facts: What Every American Should Know About Dixie's Southern Cross; Women in Gray: A Tribute to the Ladies Who Supported the Southern Confederacy; Everything You Were Taught About American Slavery is Wrong, Ask a Southerner!; A Rebel Born: A Defense of Nathan Bedford Forrest; Abraham Lincoln: The Southern View; Give This Book to a Yankee: A Southern Guide to the Civil War for Northerners; and Honest Jeff and Dishonest Abe: A Southern Children's Guide to the Civil War.
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